Tonal Schemes

Elements of Design: building blocks of design

1. Line: straight, curved, thick or thin

2. Direction: horizontal, vertical, oblique

3. Shape: circular, angular, square

4. Size: big, small

5. Texture: soft, rough, sharp, tactile

6. Tone, Value: line and shape have tone value

7. Colour: warm, cold (emotional response)

Principles of Design: ways in which elements are related

1. Harmony

2. Gradation

3. Repetition

4. Contrast

5. Dominance

6. Balance

Click to enlarge diagram: